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The future for Plastic Bags in Vietnam 2018

Plastic and packaging market - Great potential, many challenges
In next time, in addition to making good use of the potential in the domestic market, finding new market segments, diversifying models and enhancing the competitiveness of quality is an urgent requirement to have It can promote the production and export of plastics and related products.


The demand for plastic consumption over the years

Consumption of plastic increased rapidly each year
According to the Vietnam Plastics Association (VPA), plastic consumption per capita in Vietnam tends to increase over the years. If in 2008, plastic consumption per capita reached 22 kg / person / year; In 2010, this figure is over 35 kg / person / year. But this consumption is still lower than the average of 37kg / person in 2012 in the world and 120kg / person in the United States or Europe. According to experts, the average plastic consumption of Vietnamese people will increase to 45kg / person by 2020. This shows the high growth potential of Vietnamese plastic industry in the future.
(Source: Databases of Industry and Trade)
Production is more activity
In the first half of 2015, plastic packaging production activities in the country tend to develop positively. According to the General Statistics Office (GSO), the industrial production index for rubber and plastic products in the first six months of this year rose by 12.6% against the same period last year. In June 2015, the production of rubber and plastic products increased by 23.2% over the same period of 2014.
  (Source: GSO)
Other raw materials for the packaging industry are paper also grows well. In the first half of 2015, paper and paper products (including paper packaging products) also increased by 10.3% over the same period in 2014.
Normally, the second half of the year has always been an exciting time for the plastic and packaging market as it is the time for big events such as Mid-Autumn Festival, New Year's Day, etc. with demand for plastic and packaging. great. Production companies will focus on such activities as paper box production, candy boxes, printing paper bags for events, packaging production ... and always rush to complete the plan in the end of the year. and provide products for Lunar New Year.
In addition, during this period, plastic and packaging enterprises also increased import of raw materials to prepare for production in the third and fourth quarter of 2015.
The import of raw materials for production also increased
While the demand for domestically-made products is increasing, the supply of raw materials in the country is limited. According to data of the General Department of Customs, by the end of May 2015, the total amount of plastic materials imported into Vietnam reached over 1.4 million tons worth $ 2.3 billion; increased 29.63% in volume and 30.6% in value over the same period in 2014.
Although the price of oil and natural gas (the main raw material used to make plastics) tends to decrease from mid-2014 to now, which reduces the price of plastic materials on the international market, but the dollar price increases compared to The dong raised the pressure on import prices when converted into VND. From May 5, 2014 to May 5, 2015, the exchange rate between VND and USD has increased by 2.67%. Therefore, the growth rate of import of plastic materials is higher than that of imported materials.
In the next time, the dollar will continue to appreciate against the VND, which will cause difficulties for the plastics industry as 80% of input materials of Vietnamese plastic enterprises are imported and the price of raw materials is from 60% to 70% of production cost. In addition to being influenced directly by fluctuations in input material prices, plastic enterprises also bear the risk of exchange rate. Meanwhile, according to preliminary statistics of the Vietnam Plastics Association, the country has only three units capable of producing plastic materials (PVC, DOP and PP), meet 10% of demand for plastic materials. of the country.
But exports will be difficult?
In the first six months of 2015, plastic exports grew by 10.3% from the first half of last year to US $ 4.2 billion. This growth is largely due to exports to Asian markets such as China, Japan and ASEAN. Meanwhile, European exports are showing signs of tougherness as the region's economy is hit by the debt crisis in Greece. This will greatly affect Vietnam's export of plastic because European market usually accounts for 60-70% of export turnover of the industry. As the price of the euro has fallen, the price of Vietnamese products is relatively high, many European importers have asked for a discount or shift to outsourcing in China, which has made it difficult for Vietnamese exporters. This is more serious when Vietnam plastic enterprises rely too much on imported raw materials, technological lines are backward so it is difficult to compete in terms of price, design and quality.

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